Ueda Sōko

Ueda Sōko was born in 1563 (Year six of Eiroku Era) and died in 1650 (Year three of Keian Era). In  his younger days he took the name Satarō, and later Shigeyasu. He was given the Buddhist name of Sōko and the Zen practitioner’s name of Chikuin by the 111th patriarch of Daitikuji, Shunoku Sōen.  

 

In 1585 (Year 13 if Tenshō) he was recruited as a samurai under Toyotomi Hideyoshi and awarded land equivalent of 10,000 koku of rice in Echizen, giving Sōko daimyo status. Sōko was assigned the role of supervisor for the construction of the Daibutsu-den temple for the great Buddha statue at Hōkōji temple in Kyoto. Sōko distinguished himself in war exploits such as in the Kyūshū Campaign, Siege of Odawara, and Hideyoshi’s Korean Campaigns. After many years of proven military valor, in 1594 (Year three of Bunroku Era) Hideyoshi awarded his niece as wife to Sōko. Sōko first learned chanoyu from Rikyu and later became a disciple of Furuta Oribe. Oribe and Sōko together established a distinct style of samurai-class chanoyu.

 

Distinguishing himself with both military exploits and as a tea master, Sōko was held in great esteem by Hideyoshi. Sōko also had much interaction with the most powerful Daimyo of the day, Tokugawa Ieyasu, Tokugawa Hidetada, and Hosogawa Sansai among others. In the Battle of Sekigahara Sōko sided with the Western Army. The Western Army was defeated, and after the battle Sōko was welcomed as an honoured guest of Hachisuka Iemasa (1558 - 1639) the daimyo of Awa Province. Sōko instructed chanoyu and built gardens and tearooms while in Awa Provice. After three years living in Tokushima, Sōko was solicited by Asano Yoshinaga to join his clan ruling Kishū Province.

 

Upon assuming his new post, Sōko was awarded a large fief of 10,000 koku of rice by Yoshinaga. In 1619 (Year five of Ganwa Era) the Tokogawa Shogunate assigned the Geishū Domain to Asano Nagaakira and Sōko relocated to Hiroshima with Nagaakira. Sōko was again granted a fief of 10,000 koku of rice in west Hiroshima (present day Hatsukaiichi and Ōtake). Later he was granted 17,000 koku in total and assumed the status of Chief Retainer of the domain under Asano.

 

In 1632 (Year nine of Kanei Era) at the age of 70, Sōko retired from military affairs and devoted himself to the Way of Tea. He immersed himself in a life of crafting tea equipage such as bamboo flower vases, chashaku tea scoops and firing raku ware tea bowls.

 

Sōko’s true character was that of a battle-hardened warlord who always contested from the front line. At the same time he clearly had a unique gift as an artist, and these two characteristics came together to create a truly unique style of chanoyu. In Sōko’s biography, the ‘Sōko Ōden’ is written: ‘Ueda Sōko had a taste for equipage with a beauty of strength and elegance’. In the works of Sōko still remaining today such as tea bowls, tea scoops, flower vases, tearooms and gardens is a distinct aesthetic reflecting the relentless Warring States era of Momoyama Period Japan. One can feel the heroic spirit of a warlord who has lived through a lifetime of war. Yet one is also struck by the fine detail of his works and an undeniable sense of Sōko’s unbridled creativity.